Quick Answer: Who Wrote IPC And CrPC?

When was IPC last amended?

The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013 inserted new sections 326A and 326B in the Indian Penal Code and made specific offences of grievous hurt by use of acid and throwing or attempting to throw acid etc..

When was CrPC established?

1973The IPC was enacted in 1860, while the Indian Evidence Act came into effect in 1872 and the CrPC in 1973.

What is the Article 376?

376. 1. Whoever, except in the cases provided for in sub-section (2), commits rape, shall be punished with rigorous imprisonment of either description for a term which shall not he less than seven years, but which may extend to imprisonment for life, and shall also be liable to fine. 2.

What is the Article 144?

Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 authorises the Executive Magistrate of any state or territory to issue an order to prohibit the assembly of four or more people in an area. According to the law, every member of such ‘unlawful assembly’ can be booked for engaging in rioting.

What is crime under IPC?

Meaning of crime in Indian Penal Code has been highlighted as the commission of an act prohibited by law of the land. … Crime means wrongs done by human beings. It authorizes the infliction of State punishment. A person shall be guilty of a crime under Indian Penal Code if he has mens rea and actus reus concurrently.

Why CrPC is not applicable in Nagaland?

The reason for non-applicability of the part of the CrPC in Nagaland and other tribal areas is that the respective customary laws are applicable in the tribal areas. Crimes in tribal areas are dealt with according to the customs of the respective tribes.

Who codified criminal laws in India?

Thomas Babington macaulayIn 1860, the Indian Penal Code was introduced into India, the brainchild of Thomas Babington macaulay who had drafted the code during his time in Bengal in the 1830s.

What is Article 302 in Indian law?

Punishment for murder. Whoever commits murder shall be punished with death, or 1[imprisonment for life] and shall also be liable to fine.

How many CRPC are there in India?

484 sectionsAt present, the act contains 484 sections, 2 schedules and 56 forms. The sections are divided into 37 chapters.

What is CR case?

CR Case or By Magistrate Court: After examination of the complainant the Magistrate may dismiss the case or take into cognizance or order inquiry by a Magistrate or investigation by a Police Officer. As this is entered into Complaint Registrar, such case is called CR case.

What is difference between IPC and CrPC?

IPC deals with crimes and punishments; CrPC tells about the criminal trial procedure and cpc covers the procedure for civil suits, family disputes etc.

Which is the biggest act in India?

Contract actThe Contract act is the main and most used act of legal agreements in India.

Which IPC section is most dangerous?

Section 300:- Murder. If the person committing the act knows that it is so imminently dangerous that it must, in all probability, cause death, or such bodily injury as is likely to cause death, and commits such act without any excuse for incurring the risk of causing death or such injury as aforesaid.

Is IPC a part of constitution?

IPC is the criminal code that covers all laws related to criminal offence established by the Constitution of India. … The constitution constitutes rights and powers and also the IPC. IPC deals with punishments for those who misuse the power and violate the rights.

How can I learn IPC and CrPC?

The best way to start memorising sections of legislation is repetitive reading. Clearing the concept with a single reading doesn’t serve the entire purpose. There’s a need to read the act twice, thrice or as many times as you feel to allow it to sink it.

Who wrote IPC?

Thomas Babington MacaulayThe draft of the Indian Penal Code was prepared by the First Law Commission, chaired by Thomas Babington Macaulay in 1834 and was submitted to Governor-General of India Council in 1835.

Who was the first to codify law in India?

Interestingly, it was two Englishmen – James Mill and Thomas Babington Macaulay – who made the codification of Indian law possible. Their work was…